Respect is an R&B song recorded by Aretha Franklin. Originally written and recorded by Otis Redding in 1965, Franklins version was her first number one hit and established her as the Queen of Soul. Her sister Carolyn came up with the idea for Aretha to spell out the title. The legendary studio musicians at Muscle Shoals, Alabama, added a bridge with the chord changes from Sam and Daves When Something Is Wrong With My Baby.
Song Title: Respect
Artist: Aretha Franklin
Album: I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You
Composer: Copyright © 1965 Otis Redding
Lead Vocals: Aretha Franklin
Backing Vocals: Carolyn and Erma Franklin
Rhythm Guitar: Cornell Dupree
Keyboards: Dewey Oldham
Bass: Tommy Cogbill
Drums: Gene Chrisman
Saxophone: King Curtis (Curtis Ousley, lead solo), Willie Bridges, Charles Chalmers
Producer: Jerry Wexler
Recorded: February 14, 1967, Atlantic Studios, New York City, New York
Released: April 1967
Rolling Stone Top 500: Respect was selected number five (5) in Rolling Stone Magazines 500 Greatest Songs of All Time in May 2011. See Rolling Stone.
Number of listens: 10225
U.S. Billboard Hot 100: 12 weeks, peak #1 (one)
United Kingdom: peak #10 (ten)
Billboard chart listings courtesy of Billboard Magazine
Summary quotation from Wikipedia:
Respect is a song written and originally released by Stax recording artist Otis Redding in 1965. Respect became a 1967 hit and signature song for R&B singer Aretha Franklin. The music in the two versions is significantly different, and through a few minor changes in the lyrics, the stories told by the songs have a different flavor. Reddings version is a plea from a desperate man who will give his woman anything she wants. He wont care if she does him wrong, as long as he gets his due respect when he comes home (respect being a euphemism). However, Franklins version is a declaration from a strong, confident woman who knows that she has everything her man wants. She never does him wrong, and demands his respect. Franklins version adds the R-E-S-P-E-C-T chorus and the backup singers refrain of Sock it to me, sock it to me, sock it to me
Franklins cover was a landmark for the feminist movement, and is often considered as one of the best songs of the R&B era, earning her two Grammy Awards in 1968 for Best Rhythm & Blues Recording and Best Rhythm & Blues Solo Vocal Performance, Female, and was inducted in the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1987. In 2002, the Library of Congress honored Franklins version by adding it to the National Recording Registry. It is number five on Rolling Stones list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. It was also included in the list of Songs of the Century, by the Recording Industry of America and the National Endowment for the Arts. Franklin included a live recording on the album Aretha in Paris (1968).
Producer Jerry Wexler brought Reddings song to Franklins attention. While Reddings version was popular among his core R&B audience, Wexler thought the song had potential to be a crossover hit and to demonstrate Franklins vocal ability. Respect was recorded on February 14, 1967 with Arethas sisters, Carolyn and Erma, singing backup.
During the recording of the Franklin version, a bridge was added to Reddings original composition. Another addition was King Curtis tenor saxophone solo and the slicker production of Wexler and co-producer Arif Mardin. The resulting song was featured on Franklins 1967 breakthrough Atlantic Records debut album, I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You. As the title track became a hit on both R&B and pop radio, Atlantic Records arranged for the release of this new version of Respect as a single.
Franklins rendition found even greater success than the original, spending two weeks atop the Billboard Pop Singles chart, and eight weeks on the Billboard Black Singles chart. It also became a hit internationally, reaching number ten in the United Kingdom, and helping to transform Franklin from a domestic star into an international one. Even Otis Redding himself was impressed with the performance of the song. At the Monterey Pop Festival in the summer of the covers release, he was quoted playfully describing Respect as the song that little girl done stole from me.
Franklins version of the song contains the famous lines (as printed in the lyrics included in the 1985 compilation album Atlantic Soul Classics):
The last line is often misquoted as Take out, TCP, or something similar, and indeed most published music sheets which include the lyrics have this incorrect line in them. R-E-S-P-E-C-T and T-C-B are not present in Reddings original song, but were included in some of his later performances with the Bar-Kays. There seems to be some confusion over who first used T-C-B in the song.
Find out what it means to me
TCB is an abbreviation, that was commonly used in the 1960s and 1970s, meaning Taking Care (of) Business, and it was particularly widely used in African-American culture. However, it was somewhat less well-known outside of that culture, yielding a possible explanation as to why it was not recognized by those, who transcribed Franklins words for music sheets. Nevertheless, TCB in a flash later became Elvis Presleys motto and signature, from his necklace to his private jet plane.
Franklins lyrics most probably influenced hip-hops later use of both the word proper and props in the context of proper respect. She proclaims, that shes about to give him all her money, and that all shes asking is for him to give her her propers, when he gets home.
Respect has appeared in dozens of films and still receives consistent play on oldies radio stations. In the 1970s, Franklins version of the song came to exemplify the feminist movement. Producer Wexler said in a Rolling Stone interview, that Franklins song was global in its influence, with overtones of the civil-rights movement and gender equality. It was an appeal for dignity. Although she had numerous hits after Respect, and several before its release, the song became Franklins signature song and her best-known recording. I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You was ranked eighty-third in Rolling Stones 500 Greatest Albums of All Time in 2003. A year later, Respect was fifth in the magazines 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.The song Respect is part of the The Rock and Roll Hall of Fames 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll list.
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